Health Indicators
  Smoking and Drinking
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References and Related Online Materials

Current Smoker, Daily or Occasional:

1999-2012. http://www.mantrainc.ca/assets/tobaccouseincanada_2014.pdf

Before 1999: Previous versions of the above study (see: http://www.statcan.gc.ca/bsolc/olc-cel/olc-cel?catno=82-221-X&chropg=1&lang=eng )

Note: Percentages are calculated relative to the total population ages 12 and up. 

Current Smoker, Daily:See reference for \"Current Smoker, Daily or Occasional.\" 
Occasional Smoker:

See reference for \"Current Smoker, Daily or Occasional.\"

Heavy Drinker:

2011. http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/hc-ps/drugs-drogues/stat/_2011/summary-sommaire-eng.php 

Statistics Canada. (2010). Heavy drinking. Health Indicators (Catalogue no. 82-221-XWE, 2010 no. 1 issue). Last modified June 15, 2010. http://www.statcan.gc.ca/pub/82-221-x/2010001/tblstructure/2nm/2hb/hb2fod-eng.htm (accessed July 19, 2010).

Notes:
--> A heavy drinker is defined as someone who as 5 or more drinks on one occasion, at least once a month in the past year.
--> This value is the the number of cases relative to the total population above 12 years of age. Numbers from past studies are not comparable, because the precentage of problem drinkers was calculated relative to the total number of individuals reporting at least one drink in the past 12 months.